Landscapes & Wildlife
February 16th, 2015
Last time, we looked at macro photography, and the way it can provide a unique view of nature. Today I'll be showing you landscape and wildlife photography, more traditional views.
Landscape photography is essentially the opposite of macro photography. Rather than getting an extreme close up view, landscapes are much wider, sweeping views. With nature photography being my first love in the field, I have a fondness for the many techniques available to capture it.
From nearby Lake Tahoe and Burney Falls, to Patagonia many miles away, nature reveals diverse and incredible views for us to enjoy.
Landscapes are usually shot with short focal lengths and narrow apertures. With trying to keep most or all of the frame in focus, you must focus the frame at the hyperfocal distance. In photography, the hyperfocal distance says to achieve the maximum possible depth of field, you need to focus 1/3 of the way into the frame. This is because two times more of a camera's/lens's resolving power is behind the point of focus.
Wildlife photography may be easier to initially compose, with a distinct subject (as compared to landscapes). However, animals move. Movement confers additional considerations for framing and necessary shutter speeds (and by extension light levels). Also, in situations where time-to-shoot is short, the photographer may not have enough time to find a flattering composition. For instance, with this sea lion, he was visible for about five to ten seconds, and able to be well composed for two to three.
Many other wildlife subjects present themselves over time. However, capturing them in frame is not always feasible. Depending on the size of the animal, and it's skittishness, extremely long focal length lenses may be required (for Canon, they are called the supertelephoto lenses). One of the most well known small, paranoid animal group is birds. Bird photographers generally require huge lenses to be able to fill the frame with the animal, while also not scaring it off.
Any further ideas about landscape or wildlife photography? Take a moment and leave your thoughts in the comment section below.
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Hope to see you back next time!